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The Psychosocial Need by Erik Erikson

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Walden Bello, PhD[pic 1]

Walden Bello was born in Manila, Philippines in 1945. He is a Philippine author, political analyst, and environmentalist. He is also an Executive Director of Focus on the Global South and a Professor of Sociology and Public administration in University of the Philippines Diliman. He is a member of the Philippine House of representatives for Akbayan Party-List. He authored 15 books about globalization, militarization, and other related issues. Walden Bello obtained his PhD in sociology in Princeton University in US in 1975.

He is known for being one of the leading critics of the current model of economic globalization, combing the roles of intellectual and activist. As a human rights and peace campaigner, He has made a major contribution to the international case against corporate-driven globalization. Bello is one of the political activists following the declaration of Martial Law by Ferdinand Marcos on September 21, 1972. After almost two decades, he became a key figure in the international movement who wants to restore democracy in the Philippines while organizing the Anti-Martial Law Coalition and establishing Human Rights Lobby in Washington, DC. He was jailed by the US authorities in 1978 for leading the non-violent takeover of the Philippine consulate in San Francisco. He also played a role in being an environmentalist and a former chairman of Greenpeace Southeast Asia.

As a contribution to Sociology, he is the one who describes sociology between truth and power from three main points: truth action, methodology of research and theory and practice. His work includes his continual attempt to unearth the tensions between truth and power. He also examines the dichotomies between theory/practice, thought/action, and truth/power, and through his examinations, he finds that truths can only be found through action. For many times, his work results in “inconvenient truths” that is inconsistent with popular theoretical ideas. As an addition, he also argues that the conflict between truth and power arises through the use of orthodox methods when conducting research. When we use qualitative or quantitative methods, power is always involved this makes processes non-transparent to the public. He suggest that researchers must use unorthodox methods such as how he managed to break into the World Bank in order to reveal important information in the Philippines.

He also received some honors and awards such as: Hon. PhD (Panteion University, Athens) 2005; New California Media Award for Best International Reporting 1998, Suh Sang Don Prize (South Korea) 2001, Right Livelihood Award (Alternative Nobel Prize) 2003.


Ledivina V. Cariño, PhD[pic 2]

Ledivina V. Cariño was born in Marahan, Alfonso, Cavite on April 22, 1942. She was a Filipino sociologist and political scientist. She was also known as a University Professor and later University Professor Emeritus at the National College of Public Administration and Governance of the University of the Philippines Diliman. She also once served as a President of the Philippine Sociological Society. She graduated as a Valedictorian during her Elementary and High School years. She then went to University of the Philippines to pursue her college and is also an active member of the UP Youth Christian Movement. She graduated with a Bachelor of Arts Program in Public Administration, cum laude in 1961 and received her master’s degree in Political Science from the University of Hawaii in 1964. She also finished her PhD in Sociology from Indiana University in 1970.

Her researches in awards and honors she received include five publication award from UP, a lifetime achievement award in the Social Sciences from the National Research Council of the Philippines and an East West corruption and national development in the Philippines are considered pioneering and landmark publications. The National Academy of Science and Technology conferred upon her the title of Academician in 1995. She was Founding System Director of the Pahinungod from 1994-1998 and instituted such programs as Affirmative Action, Gurong Pahinungod, Pahinungod Behind Bars, Peer Counselling and several others. She is considered as the “Mother of the Ugnayan ng Pahinungod” and it was perhaps through this that her dream to be of service came moset meaningfully into fruition. Dr, Cariño was also founding member of the Philippine Association for Volunteer Efforts (PAVE), a network of volunteer managers advocating the professionalization of volunteering. On June 12, 2009, she died after a long battle with leukemia. Many people who are close to her recognize her as an extraordinary woman who lived an extraordinary life and a true volunteer.,

Professor Randolf S. David[pic 3]

        Randolf “Randy” David is a Filipino journalist, television host and sociologist. He obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree, major in Sociology from University of the Philippines. He also continued doctoral studies at the University of Manchester but did not finish it because he went back to the Philippines during the Martial Law Government of Marcos. Right now he is a professor emeritus of sociology at the University of the Philippines Diliman. He is also a member of the board of advisor of ABS-CBN Corporation. On February 25, 2006, Former president Gloria Arroyo gave an order to arrest him while celebrating the 20th anniversary of People Power because of lack of permit to rally. He was later released and the Supreme Court declared that the arrests of David and his co-detainees were invalid.

        David was one of the UP centennial fellows for his valuable contributions to Philippine Sociology and Social awareness. He was a visiting professor at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1996 and in Ryukoku University in Kyoto, Japan in 1990, lecturing about the Philippines Development and Democracy and conducted a research about Filipino migrant workers.

        He has authored several books including “Reflections on Sociology and Philippine Society”, published in 2001, and “Nation, Self, and Citizenship: An Invitation to Philippine Sociology,” published in 2002. His writing shows topics including the cabo system on the Manila waterfront, Social roots of Philippine poverty, language and consciousness, culture and development, Filipino workers in Japan, political parties and the financing of electoral campaigns. He also noted that the Philippine society was in the middle of transitioning from a traditional to a modern society. This meant that as much as possible, an understanding of the processes and forces behind the problems should be used. Paraphrasing Marx, he said that before attempting to change the world, we must first seek to understand it.



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