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Human Migration - an Expression of the Human Aspiration for Dignity

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HUMAN MIGRATION

“Human migration is an expression of the human aspiration for dignity, safety and a better future. It is part of the social fabric, part of our very make up as a human family” –Ban Ki-Moon

According to Merriam Webster Dictionary migration means to move from one country or place to live or work in another location. Usually, the movement is over long distance and from one country to another to individuals, family units, or in large group.

Historically, migration begins with the movement of Homo erectus out of Africa about 1.75 years ago. Homo sapiens appear to have occupied all of Africa about 150,000 years ago, moved out of Africa 70,000 years ago, and had spread across Australia, Asia and Europe by 40,000 years BCE. Furthermore, early humans migrated due to many factors such as changing climate and landscape and inadequate food supply. The evidence indicates the Austronesian peoples spread from the south Chinese main land to Taiwan at sometime around 8000 years ago. (Wikipedia. 2016)

Migration may bring a positive and negative impact to the host country or area, for instance, in positive way, Job vacancies and skills gaps can be filled, economic growth can be sustained, host countries are enriched by cultural diversity, encourages the development of multicultural societies and open the host country to globalization

On the other hand, migrants may be exploited, increase in population can put pressure on public services, workers may receive low pay because of the too much workers to be pay but there is not enough money, and Could result in friction between people of different cultural backgrounds and cause conflict between cultures.

In 2014, the international migration management polices worried about the deadly Ebola virus that has claimed thousands of lives. To stop the spread of ebola began with local quarantine in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and guinea. Neighboring countris closed the borders to travel from the affected countries, air carriers, restricted flight, and governments in Africa, Europe, North America, and elsewhere imposed health screening at ports of entry for travelers from the region (Rebecca kilberg, Dec. 2014). Even the world health organization (WHO) not to impose international traveler hindering containment efforts, official contemplated, and some cases enacted. These efforts took on urgency as a small number of Western health-care

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