ReviewEssays.com - Term Papers, Book Reports, Research Papers and College Essays
Search

Renaissance Ideals of Humanism Are Expressed in the Italian Art of the Period

Essay by review  •  February 23, 2011  •  Research Paper  •  934 Words (4 Pages)  •  1,479 Views

Essay Preview: Renaissance Ideals of Humanism Are Expressed in the Italian Art of the Period

Report this essay
Page 1 of 4

Discuss how Renaissance ideals of humanism are expressed in the Italian art of the period, referring to specific works and artists.

During the fourteenth century Italy witnessed notable changes, which throughout the next couple of centuries extended towards northern Europe. This was later described as the "Renaissance", "the cultural achievements through sixteenth centuries; those achievements rest on the economic and political developments of earlier centuries". (Western Society, 413) This was an era in which Europe emerged from the economic downfall of the Middle Ages and was followed by a time of financial growth, later leading to the Renaissance. But also, most importantly, the Renaissance was a period for artistic, social, scientific and political growth. Also, known as Humanism, one of the most important terms of the Renaissance, identified as "new learning". Humanists were recognized for trying to reveal learning's about human nature, "emphasizing human beings, their achievements, interests and capabilities." (Western Society, 420) The Renaissance ideals of humanism are expressed in the Italian art of the period, through the works of various artists like the recognizable Leonardo da Vinci who emphasized humanism ideals with his masterpiece of the human body with the Vitruvian man, there was also Michelangelo Buonarroti representing human divinity with his human sculpture of David Botticelli and finally, the impacting artist Raphael.

The Italian renaissance artist Leonardo Da Vinci can be recognized as one of the most outstanding artists of the period who, in addition, strongly expresses the ideals of humanism in works such as the Vitruvian Man. The Vitruvian man has become the most admired of human composition description. This piece expresses the ideals of humanism in the relationships of lengths of each part of the body. The entire sketch is based on rationalization of geometrical principles. Every part of the body has a whole number measurement rather than a fraction, for example, the side of the square surrounding the figure is 24 palms, which is the height, noting the height is that specific in combination with the person's palm. On the other hand, the creation of the Vitruvian man clearly shows "humanists shifted intellectual emphasis off of theology and logic to specifically human studies". The development of this figure is a clear representation of the interest of architectures such as Da Vinci in exploring the human body rather than educating based on theology.

Another significantly important artist of the Italian renaissance who expresses the ideals of humanism is Michelangelo Buonarroti in his piece "The David". The giant 17-feet tall sculpture, or contrapposto of David initially started by another artist who was biblically intended to represent a young shepherd who defended the city from the Goliath. However, abandoned and later rescued by Michelangelo, the sculpture's message innovated to represent the strength and divinity of the man. "The Renaissance ideals of humanism were expressed in the physical and psychological balance of the piece." (en.wikipedia.org) The art piece of David shows the physical strength of a man somehow by exaggerating some features such as the hands. However, his face shows divinity and dignity of humanity, "Michelangelo captures the human emotions of confidence, determination, and hope in the face of David." (en.wikipedia.org) He demonstrates his own view of the human form, "Michelangelo's David seems to encapsulate his dualistic view, that however noble the human body may be, it is still the Ð''prison of the soul". (www.abstractloft.com, Huber, G., Lorraine)

In addition to the masters of the Italian renaissance art, Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo Bunaruotti, Raffaello Sanzio became a recognized figure of this

...

...

Download as:   txt (6 Kb)   pdf (90.7 Kb)   docx (11 Kb)  
Continue for 3 more pages »
Only available on ReviewEssays.com
Citation Generator

(2011, 02). Renaissance Ideals of Humanism Are Expressed in the Italian Art of the Period. ReviewEssays.com. Retrieved 02, 2011, from https://www.reviewessays.com/essay/Renaissance-Ideals-of-Humanism-Are-Expressed-in-the/42188.html

"Renaissance Ideals of Humanism Are Expressed in the Italian Art of the Period" ReviewEssays.com. 02 2011. 2011. 02 2011 <https://www.reviewessays.com/essay/Renaissance-Ideals-of-Humanism-Are-Expressed-in-the/42188.html>.

"Renaissance Ideals of Humanism Are Expressed in the Italian Art of the Period." ReviewEssays.com. ReviewEssays.com, 02 2011. Web. 02 2011. <https://www.reviewessays.com/essay/Renaissance-Ideals-of-Humanism-Are-Expressed-in-the/42188.html>.

"Renaissance Ideals of Humanism Are Expressed in the Italian Art of the Period." ReviewEssays.com. 02, 2011. Accessed 02, 2011. https://www.reviewessays.com/essay/Renaissance-Ideals-of-Humanism-Are-Expressed-in-the/42188.html.