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His 1301 - Corrupt Bargain 1824

Essay by   •  February 15, 2017  •  Essay  •  2,531 Words (11 Pages)  •  1,097 Views

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Exam 3 Review

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This review is not comprehensive; therefore, anything from lecture or your readings is fair game for the exam.

Corrupt Bargain 1824: Henry clay gave support to John Q. Adams and got sec. of states in turn. it was said problems counting the electoral votes. When presidential candidate Henry Clay saw that he wasn't going to win the election, he decided to focus his campaign to support his favorite, John Quincy Adams. Clay convinced his supporters to vote for Adams, which led to Adam's success in the final run.

When Adams became president, he wanted to appoint Clay as Secretary of State, which made it look like Adams and Clay had some kind of corrupt deal going on to cheat the voting system. This became known as the Corrupt Bargain, no one knows if it was actually a corrupt deal or it just turned out that way.

Nullification Crisis: South Carolina nullifies a tariff and Jackson threatens military intervention to in-force the tariff Manifest Destiny: 1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent. James K. Polk started talking about this in 1844 Election Popular feeling that God ordained US to expand and claim all territory.

Texas Revolution: War between Texas settlers and Mexico from 1835-1836 resulting in the formation of the Republic of Texas.

Oregon Trail: 2000 miles from Missouri to Oregon's Willamette Valley: began by Protestant missionaries.

James K. Polk: As president, his chief concern was the expansion of the United States. In 1846, his administration solved the dispute with Britain over the Oregon Country border. Shortly after taking office, Mexico broke off relations with the United States over the annexation of Texas. He declared war on Mexico and sought to subvert Mexican authority in California. The United States defeated Mexico; and the two nations signed the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in which Mexico gave up any claims on Texas north of the Rio Grande and ceded New Mexico and California to the United States.

Mexican-American War: (1846-1848) armed conflict between America and Mexico over annexation of Texas, which Mexico still considered to be their territory, despite the Texas Revolution in 1836. Mexico City was captured, forcing Mexico to sell its northern territories to the U.S. Polk completed the goal of territorial expansion of the U.S. to the Pacific Coast; resulted in Mexican cession in exchange for $15 million.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Ended the Mexican War in 1848. In it, Mexico accepted the Rio Grande as its boundary with Texas and ceded New Mexico and California to the United States. In return, the United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million and assume the claims of American citizens against Mexico ($3.25 million).

Wilmot Proviso: proposal to prohibit slavery in any land acquired in the Mexican War, but southern senators, led by John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, defeated the measure in 1846 and 1847.

Compromise 1850: complex compromise mediated by Senator Henry Clay that headed off southern secession of California statehood; to appease the South it included a stronger fugitive slave law and delayed determination of the slave status of the New Mexico and Utah Territories.

 

Industrial Revolution: Began in Europe first and did not begin in America until the late 1700s. Shift from man power to machine power. Helped with development of factory systems.

Cult of Domesticity: term used by historians to describe the dominant gender role for white women in the antebellum period. The ideology of domesticity emphasized the virtue of women as guardians of the home, which was considered their proper place. had 4 virtues: piety, purity, submission and domesticity.

Seneca Falls: 1st womens rights convention, held in 1848 in NY, co- sponsored by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. Delegates at the convention drafted the declaration of sentiments, patterned on the declaration of independence but which declared that "all men and women are created equal"

 

Fugitive Slave Law: Gave federal govt. authority in cases involving runaway slaves; so much more punitive and prejudiced in favor of slaveholders than the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act has been that Harriet Beecher Stowe was inspired to write Uncle Tom's Cabin in protest; the new law was part of the Compromise of 1850, included to appease the south over the admission of California as a free state

Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Depicts the south through the life of slaves. Brings more people to abolitionist movement. Harriet Beecher Stowe's powerful 1852 novel that focused on slavery's cruel effects in separating black family members from one another. Important because it raised the followers of the abolitionist movement. Was strongly rooted in religiously based antislavery sentiments. Harriet Beecher Stowe; this novel most importantly increased sectional tensions, brought home the evils of slavery to still more people in the North. Made it look at slaves as "people". Some became abolitionists and/or question, "Is slavery just?"

Kansas Nebraska Act: Law sponsored by Illinois senator Stephen A. Douglas to allow settlers in newly organized territories north of the Missouri border to decide the slavery issue for themselves; fury over the resulting nullification of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 led to violence in Kansas and to the formation of the Republican party.

Bleeding Kansas: violence between pro- and antislavery settlers in the Kansas Territory, 1856

it when Kansas being vote to be pro and anti-slavery

it demonstrates the ineffective of popular sovereignty

Charles Sumner: Abolitionist senator whose verbal attack on the South provoked a physical assault that severely injured him

Coffles: Groups chained to one another like animals on forced marches in the Deep South.

Slave Pens: Slave pen at the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center. The Mason County, Kentucky slave pen played a very important role in the American slave trade, confining slaves who were intended to go farther south for sale. ... In the early 1830s, he converted the slave quarters into a slave pen.

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