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Global Warming

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Global Warming


Global Warming, aside from pollution is one of the biggest scientist's concerns. Global Warming is the term used to describe increase in the temperature of the Earth. It is the process which is continuously warming the earth. The Earth's surface temperature has risen by about one degree Fahrenheit in the past century, with accelerated warming during the past three decades (Bond, 1995). There is stronger evidence and proof that most of the warming over the last fifty years is attributable to activities of human. Human activities have changed the chemical composition of the atmosphere and environment through the buildup of greenhouse gases, which are main cause of Global Warming.

There are four steps in the Greenhouse effect, which are, Ultraviolet rays from the sun, through space, to earth's atmosphere (Jutro, 1991). The sunlight enters the atmosphere and hits Earth. Some of sunlight turns into heat energy in the form of infrared light. The heat gets impregnated by enclosing air and land, which in turn makes it hot. Infrared rays that are remitted into the atmosphere are captured by greenhouse gases. The gas then absorbs the light and is sent back to the surface of Earth and warms it even more.

Basically global warming is the ascent of the earth's surface temperature due to chemicals in the atmosphere. The threats that global warming brings along with it includes: affecting the climate of the Earth and even the health of the people. This also includes altering of crop seasons. Global warming also affects the way organisms survive on the planet.

Signs and Effects

A large amount of the United States is probable to warm, even though sulfates possibly will limit warming in a few areas. Scientists at present are not capable to decide which pieces of the United States will turn out to be wetter or drier, but there is probability to be a general tendency in the direction of augmented rainfall and evaporation, added powerful thunderstorms, and drier top soils.

Regrettably, several of the potentially most significant influences depend upon whether rainfall augments or reduces, which cannot be dependably probable for exact regions (Bond, 1995).

Global warming also causes many of the glaciers that are floating in the Greenland and Arctic to melt (Bond, 1995). This in turn causes the sea levels to rise throughout the world. In the last hundred years alone the seas around the world have risen from four to ten inches, which is a great change.


All the way through the world, the occurrence of meticulous illnesses and additional pressures to human health depend mainly on local weather. Tremendous warmth can directly source the loss of life. Furthermore, quite a few grave diseases merely come into view in warm areas (Bond, 1995). Lastly, warm temperatures can augment air and water pollution, which in turn harm human health.

The largest part of direct effect of climate change would be the influence of hotter temperatures themselves. Tremendously hot temperatures augment the figure of people who die on a specified day for a lot of motives: People with heart problems are helpless for the reason that one's cardiovascular system ought to work harder to be the body cool all through hot weather. Heat tiredness and a few respiratory troubles amplify.

Higher air temperatures in addition augment the attentiveness of ozone at ground level (Jutro, 1991). The ordinary layer of ozone in the higher atmosphere blocks damaging ultraviolet emission from reaching the earth's surface, but in the lower atmosphere, ozone is a harmful pollutant. Ozone damages lung tissue and sources exacting troubles for people with asthma and other lung diseases. Even modest experience to ozone can source healthy persons to experience chest pains, nausea, and pulmonary congestion. In to a large extent of the nation, a warming of four degrees (F) possibly will augment ozone attention by about 5 percent. (Holt, 1990)

Statistics on humanity and hospital admissions demonstrate that death rates augment at some stage in extremely hot days, mainly between very old and very young people existing in cities. In July 1995, a heat wave killed more than 700 people in the Chicago area alone. Studies based on these types of statistics guess that in Atlanta, for instance, even a warming of about two degrees (F) would augment heat-related deaths from 78 today to wherever from 96 to 247 people per year (Johnston, 1997). If people are able to put in air conditioning and otherwise become accustomed themselves to the hotter temperatures, the lower estimation is more probable.

Nasty Surprises

Some of the ways that Earth may respond to global warming could be gradual; others could be rapid. By continuing to add greenhouse gases to the air, we may be surprised by some nasty changes.

Escaping Methane

As the Arctic warms, massive quantities of methane at the present iced up under the ocean and land possibly will flee into the air. For the reason that methane is a greenhouse gas that catches heat in the atmosphere, these added emissions could cause the Earth to temperate even faster than at present anticipated.

Water Resources

Varying climate is predictable to augment both evaporation and rainfall in the main regions of the United States. In those regions where evaporation augments more than rainfall, soil will turn out to be drier, lake levels will drop, and rivers will bear less water (Bond, 1995).

Inferior River flows and lower lake levels possibly will damage map-reading, hydroelectric power generation, and water quality, and decrease the provisions of water accessible for agricultural, residential, and industrial uses. A number of regions possibly will experience equally augmented flooding all through winter and spring, as well as lower supplies all through summer (Ross, 1998). In California's Central Valley, for instance, melting snow provides much of the summer water supply; warmer temperatures would source the snow to melt earlier and consequently decrease summer materials even if rainfall amplified throughout the spring. More normally, the inclination for rainfall (see climate trends) to be more concerted in large storms as temperatures increase would be inclined to augment river flooding, devoid of rising the quantity of water accessible.

Food and Water

A number of regions might profit. Warming might increase in length the increasing season and budge agricultural zones northward. Crop production would augment in northern



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