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Africa from a to Z

Essay by review  •  December 12, 2010  •  Research Paper  •  2,459 Words (10 Pages)  •  863 Views

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Algeria is the second-largest country in Africa. Oil and gas products make up for most of Algeria's exports. Algeria ranks as the second largest exporter of gas and oil products after Russia. The Sahara desert makes up more than 90 percent of Algeria's territory.

The population of Algeria is approximately 31 million people. The primary language of Algeria is Arabic, although French dialects are also widely spoken. The primary religion of this country is Sunni Muslim.


Botswana has the world's richest diamond mines. But, unfortunately it also has the world's highest AIDS infection rate. Over one-third of Botswana's people suffer from the disease. Although livestock employs seventy-five percent of the population, diamonds are its richest product.

The population of Botswana is approximately one million five hundred and seventy-six thousand people. Primary languages spoke are English and Setswana. Their primary religion is made up of about 50% local beliefs, and 50% Christian beliefs.


Chad is one of Africa's least developed countries; it has more than 100 languages, three religions and three types of weather. Chad's main source of income is cotton and its chief business is cotton ginning. Starting in 2001, a controversial oil pipeline was started in Chad, run by Exxon Mobil, and could bring millions of dollars to the Chad government.

The population of the country of Chad is approximately eight million four hundred and twenty-five thousand people. Chad's official language is French and Arabic, but they also have over 100 other languages in their country. The three main religions are Muslim, Christian and Animist.


Djibouti is located in Eastern Africa, and borders the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. Djibouti occupies a very important location at the mouth of the Red Sea, in relation to over-seeing the shipment of goods into and out of East Africa. Their primary sources of income and export is agricultural products.

The population of Djibouti is approximately four hundred and sixty-seven thousand people. The official languages are French and Arabic, but also include Somali and Afar. This countries primary religion is Muslim.


Cairo is the capital city of Egypt. The people of Egypt introduced the idea of irrigation for agriculture from the Nile River. Egypt's main export income comes from crude oil and petroleum products as well as cotton, textiles and metal products. The Nile River, is known as the father of Africa's rivers, and is located in Egypt.

The population of Egypt is approximately sixty-eight million three hundred and sixty thousand people. The official country language is Arabic, but English and French are also widely spoken throughout. Egypt's religion is mostly Sunni Muslim and a small amount of Christian.


Fez is the Intellectual and artistic capital of Morocco. It is located in Morocco's northern section which is very near the tip of Spain. Fez is one of Morocco's oldest cities, and of great religious, intellectual and historic importance. Fez is considered and architectural treasure.


The name Gambia is thought to come from the Portuguese word cambio which means exchange. Gambia once played and important role in European trading. Gambia's major economic production is ground nuts. But their economy has struggled lately due to shortages in rainfall that have affected their agricultural production.

The population of Gambia is approximately one million three hundred and sixty-seven thousand people. English is the official language of this country, with many other local languages also spoken. The main religious beliefs are Muslim, a small amount of Christianity and local beliefs.


Hutu is the name given to one of the three ethnic groups that live in Burundi and Rwanda. Eighty-five percent of the people in these two countries are Hutu. Hutu's share this area with the Tutsi and Twa people.


Ibadan is the second largest city in Nigeria. The population of Ibadan is over three million. Local industries for Ibadan are food processing and cigarette making.

Ibadan is the home of Nigeria's first university, the University of Ibadan, established in 1948 and was part of the University of London. Companies that are in Ibadan include the company of Coca Cola.

Juan de Nova Island

Juan de Nova Island is located in Southern Africa, in the Mozambique Island Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique. There are no native inhabitants of this island, and it's only population is a small French military base and some weather observers. Occasionally, it is visited by scientists.


Kenya has been troubled recently by election violence, tribal wars, government corruption and rampant power outages. Kenya is only one of a few countries in Africa that is self-sufficient in the production of food. Unfortunately, still over forty percent of Kenya's population lives in poverty.

The population



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