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Autor: reviewessays • April 20, 2011 • 4,150 Words (17 Pages) • 2,383 Views
1. Market Segmentation
Red Bull is a non-alcoholic energy drink and therefore falls under the category of soft drinks. Soft drinks can be divided into sub-segments and one of these segments is energy and sports drinks. These can be divided again into three different categories:
* Glucose energy drinks
* Sport drinks
* High energy stimulation drinks
Since 1996 the market of soft drinks has grown by 5% and by 1997 it reached a total amount of Ðˆ6.896bn, which is an equivalent of 10bn liters. Moreover we can say that the segment of energy and sports drinks represents 2.6% or Ðˆ177m of the overall soft drink market. Since 1992 an increase of 64% in volume sales can be found within this very young market of energy and sports drinks.
The main differences of the three above mentioned sub-segments of soft drinks are as followed:
1.2 Glucose Energy Drinks
These drinks provide physical energy through glucose or a mixture of sugars. Originated from the Lucozade brand. These drinks do not contain any other substantial ingredients such as Lucozade Energy, Lucozade NRJ or Red Card. In 1927 they were originally positioned as a convalescence drink.
1.3 Sports drinks
Also known as isotonic drinks, replaces body fluids after sport activities or exercises. Sport drinks help to re-energize and re-hydrate the body and can be taken before, during or after exercises. That's because you should drink it in great amounts and fairly quickly, they are usually still or low carbonated. Examples for this kind of drinks are Gatorade, Isostar and Dexters.
1.4 High-energy Stimulation Drinks
These drinks have ingredients such as caffeine and taurin, which help to increase concentration, endurance, alertness and reactions. This kind of drink is not only designed for sports men, it can be used nearly from everyone who wants to get stimulate and energize mind and body. Red Bull, Flying Horse and Virgin Hi Energy belong to the category of high-energy stimulation drinks.
Red Bull created this kind of sector in 1987 and the later segment makes up Ðˆ14m or 8% of the value sales of the energy and sport drink market. Glucose energy drinks represent the majority of the volume sales with Ðˆ126m or 70%. Sports drinks represent Ðˆ39m or 22%
2. The Target Market
Red Bull, who is originally from Austria where it is still produced, distributed their energy drink in over twenty countries. Countries like USA , New Zealand , South Africa , Eastern and Western Europe . So it would be not very useful to restrict the target market to the geographic areas as well as the psychographic segmentation for the targeted consumer that's because for a product like Red Bull it would be far to narrow as it cuts across lifestyles, demographics and socio-economic boundaries. So the best solution would be to set the target market as a behavioural segmentation. The reason for that decision is because in a behavioural segmentation the individual's relationship with the product and the use and benefit sought from the product. Red Bull is not just an energy drink it is primarily a utility drink to be taken against mental or physical weariness or exhaustion. It's use helps to increase endurance and heighten alertness as well as reactions and generally spoken the use of Red Bull helps to cope with the challenges of every day life, which includes work, leisure and sports. Three main stereotyped uses can be identified.
2.2 The Athlete
It is usually a person who takes his sport very serious, what means he wants to get the best out of his body. Therefore you can say that Red Bull is part of his diet and sport life. So in this case Red Bull is for him a very good and easy way to improve his endurance or speed.
2.3 The Worker
This could be anyone who has to work hard such as a manager or a street worker. Anyone who wants to get pushed up and would rather like to have a Red Bull than a coffee.
2.4 The Clubber
This category is fairly new, in recent years the people found out that Red Bull can be used as a very good mixer with alcohol. Red Bull sells now 34% of its units on premise. It is almost impossible to find the right target group, the reason for that is because of the various applications of Red Bull. Hence a clear cut categorization in age groups and socio-economics groupings is not feasible. But what we can be shore of is that the typical Red Bull drinker is dynamic and active, the gender does not play any role at all. But it is more likely that more less younger people who really like to go out fall for Red Bull. Research (PHT, 11/97 Smith Kline Beecham Energy & Sports Drinks Report) has shown that 53% of the people who drink energy/ sports drinks are within the age between 14-34 years. Moreover they found out that the main reason for purchasing energy/sports drinks were to quench thirst (37%) and give boost.
3. The Macroenvironment
3.1 Political and Legal Aspects
Red Bull was introduced into the market as a new non-alcoholic drink with a new concept, namely energy drink.
At first the Health Organisation was suspicious that Red Bull could be a starter drug. Their scepticism even increased after rumours that Red Bull contains ingredients like bull's galls. However, the fact that Red Bull has been used in Australia for 9 years and in Asia even for 30 years without any complaints led to increased confidence. Furthermore a study carried out by an independent institute (ISME) in 1998 proved that Red Bull has stimulating effects like caffeine, but does not lead to addiction.
Nevertheless Red Bull still needs to be approved by each country where it shall be sold, which is a very time consuming and therefore expensive.
Some countries still have doubts about Red Bull like e.g. Hungary where Red Bull is forbidden. Initially this was also the problem in the UK , where Red Bull was only allowed to be sold after its harmlessness had sufficiently be proven.
3.2 Economical Aspects
Red Bull faces little exposure to economic cycles as it is a special drink, serving a niche market. Their target market are sportsmen/women as