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World Cultures Final Exam Terms

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World Culture's Final Exam Terms

Intro to the World

1. Cultural Conflict Ð'- clash of different ways of life over scarce resources, religion, race, land, oil, water, power, etcÐ'...

2. Cultural Relativism Ð'- judge culture on their own standards and values

3. Culturally different Ð'- one culture different from every other culture

4. Culture Ð'- total way of life of someone

5. Diffusion Ð'- mixing of different cultures from place to place

6. Ethnocentrism Ð'- belief that ones own culture is superior to other's: judge other's by your own standards

7. Globalization Ð'- process by which countries become increasingly interconnected

8. International Date Line Ð'- line that is used by geographers that divides the world into two day's

9. Interdependence Ð'- mutual dependence of countries

10. Kalahari Bushmen Ð'- natives of Africa who tried to keep their distance from the world and traditions became corrupt with a simple coke bottle

11. L.A.S.S. Ð'- learned adaptive symbolic shared: this is the way culture's would be able to mix

12. Norms Ð'- expectations of behavior

13. Prime Meridian - 0Ð'o longitude on a globe, located in Greenwich, England

14. Relative location Ð'- natural occurring physical features used to describe a location on the map if not given the exact location

15. Socialization Ð'- taught about a culture either or their own or another's

16. Standard of living Ð'- depends on the effort you put into how you want to live

17. Symbols Ð'- represent a certain topic, feeling, idea etcÐ'...

18. Time zones Ð'- divides up the globe depending on the number of hours they are away from Greenwich

19. Equator Ð'- Along the x-axis, or meaning Latitude

20. Universally Similar Ð'- meaning that every culture has similar foods, religions, clothes, language, housing, music, sports, and gestures

21. Values Ð'- beliefs about what is right or wrong, good or bad, and desirable or undesirable

North America

1. Animism Ð'- belief that everything has a spirit no matter if it is living or if it is not

2. Black Hills Ð'- mountains located in South Dakota that was being taken away from the Indians because of the gold found in them by trespassers

3. Buffalo Ð'- an animal that was used by many Indians for food, for shelter

4. Counting Coup Ð'- strategy done by the Indians where they would be given points for how many times they would strike their opponents and this was the men's way of gaining glory in their tribes

5. Cradleboards Ð'- baby carriers that were placed on the back of women and also was used to constrain children when the mother was unable to hold the child

6. Crazy Horse Ð'- one of many great Indian leaders who was responsible for not selling out his people until his cause was having a price on his people and who was viciously stabbed in his back for his crime of murdering whites

7. Cultural genocide Ð'- the deliberate destruction of an entire cultural either by assimilation or mass murdering of the people

8. George Custer Ð'- gave the Indians the ultimatum that either they be on the reservations by January 31, 1876 or if not then they have declared war on the settlers (knowing fully well that they could not meet this demand)

9. Ghost Dance Ð'- dance seen as rebellion by the white man who outlawed it because of the notion that the Indians would try to rise up against them

10. Great Plains Ð'- inhabited by the Indians first where millions of buffalo once roamed and grazed and the Indians lived happily

11. Horse Ð'- the Indians at first believed it to be a mysterious dog but it soon came to revolutionize the great plain's cultures: known as sunka wakan

12. John Dunbar Ð'- a U.S soldier who came to turn on the army to live with the Lakota tribe and learn that the white man are the barbarian's and become a Lakota himself and even marry one of them: in the end he does what he can to save his people

13. Lakota Ð'- a tribe of Indians which mean's alliance of

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