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Thomas Jeff. Outline

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Lenora Spahn

9/22/00

Thomas Jefferson

I. Thomas Jefferson

A. Born- April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Va.

B. Died- July 4, 1826

II. Background

A. Educational- College of William and Mary (1760-1762), 5 year apprenticeship

studying law under George Wythe.

B. Occupational-

1. Began to practice law on his own: representing small scale planters from

western countries involving land claims and titles.

2. House of Burgesses, elected 1768: Opposed all forms of Parliamentary

taxation and supprted nonimportation resolutions against British trade

regulations.

3. Committee of Correspondence, 1773: Served as a makeshift Central

Government for colonies and advocated that colonies refuse to pay any duty

leveled by Parliament.

4. Virginia Convention in Richmond Virginia, 1775: Virginia, the largest colony

decided towards liberty for America.

5. Continental Congress, 1776: Chosen to write the Declaration of Independence,

telling reasons for fighting against England (aloing with Benjamin Franklin,

John Adams, Roger Sherman and Robert Livingston).

6. Governor of Virginia, 1779: dealt with the lack of money, weaponry and

soldiers during the end of the Revolution.

7. Virginia Delegate to Congress, 1783: Designed a new system of money for the

U.S. Based on 10.

8. First Secretary of State, 1790: Under President Washington-

1. In charge of post office, office for inventions and office of money

2. Set rules for weights and measure.

3. Established foreign relations

9. Vice President under John Adams, (1796-1800): One of his only duties was to

preside over the Senate- since there were no clear rules, wrote A Manuel of

Parliamentary Practice.

III. Terms Of Office

A. First Term (1801-1805) Wed. March 4, 1801, inaugurated 3rd president of the United

States.

B. Second Term (1804-1809)

IV. Prominent Issues of the Elections

A. Since electors did not state which of the two candidates they prefer, there was no way

to decide which of the candidates should become President. Jefferson was elected in a

second election held in the House of Representatives, and soon legislation was passed

that each person would vote for one candidate for president and one for

vice-president.

V. Opponent

A. First Term- John Adams, Aaron Burr

B. Second Term- Charles C. Pickney

VI. Vice Presidents

A. First Term- Aaron Burr

B. Second Term- George Clinton

VII. Political Party- Democratic-Republican

VIII. Domestic Events

A. Ohio enters the Union, 1803: Despite efforts from the Federalists, Ohio became the

17th state on March 1, 1803.

B. Mabury vs. Madison, 1803: Jefferson failed to uphold the law by refusing to appoint

Marbury as justice of the peace in the district of Columbia. Marshall, a judiciary

political genius, enhanced the power of the Supreme Court after denying it's

jurisdiction and patronizing Jefferson by diciding the case in his favor.

C. Lewis in Clark Expedition, 1804: Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the

Missouri River. On November 7, 1805, the expedition reached the Pacific ocean,

leading into an era of westward expansion.

D. 12th Amendment Ratified,1804: the twelfth amendment states that each member of

the electoral college shall vote for one candidate for President, and one candidate for

vice- president.

E. Zebulon Pike explores the west, 1806: American explorer and army officer he led an

expedition to discover the source of the Mississippi River. The next year he explored

the Louisiana Territory; he fell into Spanish territory and was captured but released.

F. Burr

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