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The Human Genome

Essay by   •  November 19, 2010  •  Essay  •  1,181 Words (5 Pages)  •  1,388 Views

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You may think that you have full control over your body, the way you may look, how you dress, and even how you do your own makeup. You have control over your hair color, how much knowledge you have, and even how strong you can be, but could you imagine having control over how tall you would like to be, the color of your eyes, and potentially the color of your very skin? Can you imagine altering EVERY aspect of yourself, including the omission of disease? These are some of the questions that the USDE hoped to find solutions to through The Genome Project.

The Genome Project has been an ongoing project sense 1990 and was finally completed on April 14th , 2003. The U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health were the ones directing the Genome Project. The progress of the Genome Project is still unknown because the project was completely finished, but scientists are still going to be researching the Genome Project for many years. The project is like a master blue print of the body. The scientists estimated to find about 100,000 genes in the human body but only found as few as 30,000. There are 4 chemical components that make up DNA, cytocine (C), thymine (T), guanine (G), and adenine (A), these 4 components make up who you are. There are a few goals that scientists were trying to reach, such as finding the structure and function of a genome.

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The U.S. Department of Energy is helping the genome project mostly because of how it is taking in so much money. The U.S. Department of Energy had started to help the Human Genome Project in the early 1990's. The National Institute of Health was helping the Human Genome Project by giving it as much support that it needed complete the Genome Project. The National Institute of Health had started to help the Human Genome Project in the early 1990's. Both of these company's were both trying to complete one of the biggest accomplishment in all of history, to try and map out the entire Human body, and both companies had succeeded. Other countries were also helping the study of the Human Genome Project. The National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Institutes of Health had helped a great deal with the funding of the Human Genome Project. The genes were spread out among different places so they could get the Human Genome Project completed, 55 % by the Europeans, 17 % by the Sanger Centre, 15 % by WUSL, 7 % Stanford University, 4 % by McGill University in Canada, and 2 % by the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research in Japan.

The progress of the Human Genome Project is still unknown because the Human Genome Project was finished, but scientists are still going to be researching the Human Genome Project for many years to come. There are many other things scientists are trying to solve as well, such as researching genomes of other living things. Many scientists now are going to start trying to see if there are any similarities between humans and dogs as well as other animals that are closely related to humans. This way scientists can find the structure of human genes, as well as the function. Scientists are also trying to do the Dog Genome Project to find other similarities of that of the Human Genome. These projects are all still in progress and will not be done for some time. Overall, the Human Genome Project is completed and it will be further looked into sometime in the future.

The scientists estimated to find about 100,000 genes in the human body but only found as few as 30,000 in the human body. The Human Genome Project has determined the complete sequence of about 3,000,000,000 bases in human DNA. The DNA bases are usually known by their abbreviations,

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