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Performance Characteristics of a Ci Engine Operated on Diesel, Karanja and Soya Bean Bio-Diesel

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A Comparative Study of the Performance Characteristics of a CI Engine Operated on Diesel, Karanja and Soya bean bio-diesel

Project report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

IN

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

By

1) M Dasaratha Rama Reddy

1310110118

2) Desai Srinivasa Reddy

1310110119

3) Surya DVS

1310110130

Under supervision Of

Dr.Harender Sinhmar

[pic 1]

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING SHIV NADAR UNIVERSITY (May, 2017)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Vii

LIST OF FIGURES

Viii

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

LIST OF TABLES AND GRAPHS ABSTRACT

Ix x

xi

1

INTRODUCTION

  1. Biodiesel
  2. Historical Background
  3. Use In Diesel Engines
  4. Biodiesel in Other Countries and India
  1. International laws and regulations
  2. Biodiesel scenario in India
  1. Advantages

1

1

1

2

3

4

2

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

  1. History of Biodiesel
  2. Production of biodiesel
  1. Methods and Procedure
  2. Transesterification
  3. Production of Karanja Biodiesel
  1. Performance and Emission Characteristics of biodiesel
  1. Biodiesel blends and their effects on performance and emission characteristics.
  2. Karanja biodiesel and its effects on performance

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6

6

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and emission characteristics.

  1. Effects of pure Karanja biodiesel fuel on performance, emission, and engine.
  2. Effects of pure Soyabean biodiesel fuel on performance, emission, and engine.
  3. Comparative study of Karanja, Jatropha and Polong biodiesel fuel on performance, emission, and engine.

3

BIO DIESEL PRODUCITON

  1. Manufacturing Process
  2. Methods and Procedures
  1. Pyrolysis
  2. Micro Emulsifications
  3. Dilution
  4. Transesterification
  1. Process parameters
  2. Karanja Oil and Soya bean Oils
  1. Introduction to edible and non-edible oils.
  2. Soya bean oil
  3. Karanja oil
  4. General Properties of oils
  1. Production of Karanja and Soya bean Biodiesel
  1. Karanja Biodiesel production
  2. Soya bean biodiesel production

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10

10

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15

4

EXPERIMENTAL SETUP AND PERFORMACE PARAMETERS

  1. Blends Introduction
  2. Engine Specifications
  3. Procedure

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5

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

  1. Comparison of diesel with karanja and soya bean B10 blends.
  2. Comparison of diesel with karanja and soya bean B15 blends.
  3. Comparison of diesel with karanja and soya bean B25 blends.
  4. Comparison of diesel with karanja and soya bean B30 blends.
  5. Comparison of diesel with karanja and soya bean B40 blends.
  6. Comparison of diesel with karanja and soya bean B50 blends.

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6

7

CONCLUSIONS AND SUMMARY

REFERENCES

37

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DECLARATION

I hereby declare that the work which is presented in this dissertation entitled “A Comparative Study of the Performance Characteristics of a CI Engine Operated on Diesel, Karanja and Soya bean bio-diesel”, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the B Tech degree in Mechanical Engineering is an authentic record of work done by my own efforts with suitable acknowledgement to all references.

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