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Pearl Harbor

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On December7, 1941 the U.S. troops stationed on the island of

Pearl Harbor were not awaken by the familiar sound of a bugle but by gunfire and explosions. This attack led to other events in World War II such as, America's involvement in the war and the dropping of the Atom Bomb at Hiroshima.

Between the years of 1920 and 1940 dictators came to power in

Germany, Italy, and Japan. The first country to have a dictatorship

was Italy. Thier dictator was Benito Mussolini. He became dictator

in 1922. Mussolini organized and founded the Fascist party before he

became dictator.

After their

loss in World War I Germany had severe problems

with their

economy. Adolf Hitler and his political party the Nazis

promised they would end Germanies problems if Hitler became dictator.

The Germans made Hitler their

dictator in 1933.

Italy and Germany decided to become allies in 1939. They

called themselves the Axis Powers. Japan joined the Axis Powers in

1940.

The emperor of Japan at the present time was Emperor Hirohito.

After he joined with the Axis Powers he started taking over

countries, cities, and island in and around Japan that belonged to

countries who opposed the Axis Powers.

Joseph Stalin, the ruler of Russia at the present time, sided

with Hitler until Hitler double crossed him and tried to take over

Russia. After the double cross Stalin decided to side with the

Allies.

The Allies were the countries that were opposed to the Axis

Powers. These countries were Britain, France, the U.S.A., and Russia.

The three leaders of the Allied Powers were Franklin D. Roosevelt,

Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin.

After World War II started Japan grew angry with the U.S.A.

because they were helping China by sending them war supplies. Japan

didn't like this because China was the main target of Japanese

attacks. As a result of this Japan decided to take a "peace" trip to

the U.S.A. . They made the trip in November of 1941. During this

"peace" trip Japan made three proposals to the government. These

proposals were, to stop aiding China, to stay out of Asian affairs,

and to begin shipping oil to Japan right away or Japan would attack

the U.S.A. . President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the government of

the United States didn't carry out these proposals.

As a result of this Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on the

morning of December 7, 1941 at 7:55 AM. The reason they attacked that

early was because Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the person in control of

the Japanese warships in that area, knew most of the troops at Pearl

Harbor would be asleep.

The main planes Japan used for the attack were bombers. The

number of bombers used was 350. Six aircraft carriers are what these

planes were carried

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