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Mozart

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MOZART

Mozart is perhaps the greatest musical genius who ever lived. Mozart 's full name

is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Most people called him Mozart or Wolfgang. Mozart was

born in Salzburg, Austria, January 27, 1756.

Mozart is the greatest musical child prodigy who ever lived. He began composing

minuets at the age of 5 and symphonies at age 9. His father took him on a series of

concert tours together with his sister, Maria Anna; born four and one-half years before

Mozart. She too, was a child prodigy. Both played the keyboard, but Mozart became a

violin virtuoso, as well.

In 1762 he and his sister, "Nannerl," as she was nicknamed, performed before the

Elector of Bavaria in Munich, and at the Imperial Court in Vienna. In 1763 the Morzart's

visited Mannheim. This is where Mozart, learned all about the orchestra and symphonies

composed there.

In London Mozart met the son of J. S. Bach. He played before distinguished

audiences, and composed a sacred chorus. In 1770, he began to master the two types of

Italian opera: opera buffa (comic opera) and opera seria (serious opera). In 1777,

Mozart's family visited Paris. His mother fell ill and died during their visit. In 1782,

Mozart married Constanze Weber against his father's wishes. In 1783, Mozart and

Constanze visited Salzburg, where he helped Michael Haydn out of a difficult spot, by

writting some violin duets. He completed a set of string quartets, and in so doing, deeply

impressed Josef Haydn who was the greatest master of music for string quartets.

In 1786, Mozart's London friends took part in the first performance of The

Marriage of Figaro. This was a triumph for Mozart in Prague, and he wrote his "Prague"

symphony as a tribute to its generous people. In Paris, Mozart published his first works:

four sonatas for clavier: with accompanying violin in 1764.

In 1768 he composed his first opera, LA FINTA SEMPLICE, for Vienna; but

intrigues prevented its performance, and it was first presented a year later at Salzburg.

Mozart was a successful composer and violinist. He used the form of concerto (like the

symphony, in several section) to display the qualities of wind instruments, like the horn.

His crowning achievements in concerto form, however, are for piano and orchestra - in

all 25 works. Mozart's performances of his own piano concertos had much to do with the

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