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Kohlberg and Theory of Consciences

Essay by review  •  November 8, 2010  •  Essay  •  766 Words (4 Pages)  •  1,030 Views

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Kohlberg:

A. Pre-Conventional

1. Obedience and Punishment

2. Self Intrest Orientation

B. Conventional

3. Interpersonal Accord

4. Authority and Social Issue

C. Post-Conventional

5. Social Contract

6. Universal Ethical Principles

A. Most common for children. Very selfish thinking, and for

consequenses of one's self.

Ex. Do not do this, or I will spank you.

B. Most common in audulescents. A more abstract form of thinking than

in Pre-Conventional and thinks partly of one's self, and partly,

others.

Ex. If you dont, the whole class will fail.

C. For enlightened adults only. This is the highest level of moral

abstract thinking and very few reach this stage.

Ex. To picture yourself in every other person's shoes.

CONCLUSION:

Kohlberg's most define statement that he is trying to make is that we

have to apply the universal ethical principles in our decisions. Also

that we must use abstract moral thinking as ENLIGHTENED ADULTS.

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MASS MEDIA:

-TV (Commercials)

-Newspapers

-Magazines

-Internet

-School

-Video Games

-Music

POSITIVE INFLUENCES-

-Church

-Red Cross

-Non-Profit ORG

-Boy/Girl Scouts

-Global Awareness

-Teamwork in Sports

-Education

-Youth Groups

-PETA

-Jesus-Centered Religions

NEGATIVE INFLUENCES-

-Porn

-Wars

-Drugs

-Sex

-Violence

-Abortion

-Sexual Humor

-Playboy

-Rape

-Murder

-Euthinasia

-Incest

-Racism

-Cults

ORDER OF INFLUENCE-

-TV

-Internet

-Music

-Parents

-Church

-School

-Video Games

CONCLUSION:

Mass Media is the means of communicating regularly with large segments

of society, as means by the internet or television. It may affect our

subjective moral thougts and influence our decisions and ideals. The

church can be used as a mass media, as it does function to teach us of

how Jesus taught us how to act and be.

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VOCABULARY:

decisions - conclusions arrived after conciderations

morality - sense of right and wrong

obedience - submission to the command of another

dilemma - puzzle, or something difficult to solve

guideline - policy or other indiction for the proper action

principle - fundemental law, rule, or code of conduct

moral - morality in general, that which is good in particular

immoral - that which is bad, how people ought not to act and behave

amoral - morally neutral (not bad nor good) actions

conscience - human capacity to weigh and evaluate right and wrong

personal integrity - quality of showing moral principles by knowing

what is right and what is wrong

wisdom - insight, good judgment

fanatics - those who show excessive enthusiasm or uncritical

implication - close connection, consequence

Buddah - enlightened one, a representation of Gautamu Buddah

Moses - Hebrew prophet eho is associated with the escape from slavery in Egypt

prophets - those who speak divinley inspired words (Gods mouthpiece)

judgement - decision, discerment

homophobia - prejudice against the fear of homosexuals

genetics - concerned with how certain characteristics

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