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Human Behaviour and Psychology

Essay by review  •  August 28, 2010  •  Research Paper  •  2,491 Words (10 Pages)  •  2,216 Views

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PSYCHOLOGICAL HUMAN BEHAVIOR

Psychology is the very important perspective for

human nature. It is very much important for the

individual environment. "Psychology is very much a

product of the Western tradition. Whereas a new

psychology of the year 2000 contains both the eastern

as well as the Western tradition"(Frey, 04/06).

Psychologists call a person's self concepts it

includes what a person perceives from the person's

self-concept attitudes. It's related to Psyche means

the integrate part of human mind motion connected to

those with bodily concepts. "It however reflects true

relationship with the mind-body concept. ATTITUDES AND

SOCIAL COGNITION addresses those domains of social

behavior in which cognition plays a major role,

including the interface of cognition with overt

behavior, affect, and motivation."(Primis,119).

Major perspectives in psychology at this point

includes psychoanalysis, humanism and sociobiology.

Now, what's the concept of psychoanalysis is also a

very important perspective. "As a therapy,

psychoanalysis is based on observation that

individuals are often unaware of many of the factors

that determine their emotions and

behavior."(Frey,04/06). "It is, in addition, a method

for learning about the mind, and also a theory, a way

of understanding the processes of normal everyday

mental functioning and the stages of normal

development from infancy to old age."(psychology.com).

"Furthermore, since psychoanalysis seeks to explain

how the human mind works, it contributes insight into

whatever the human mind produces."(apa.org)

Sigmund Freud was the first psychoanalyst."Many of

his insights into the human mind, which seemed so

revolutionary at the turn of the century, are now

widely accepted by most schools of psychological

thought. Although others before and during his time

had begun to recognize the role of unconscious mental

activity, "Freud was the preeminent pioneer in

understanding its importance. Although his ideas met

with antagonism and resistance, Freud believed deeply

in the value of his discoveries and rarely simplified

or exaggerated them for the sake of popular

acceptance."(apa.org) He saw that those who sought to

change themselves or others must face realistic

difficulties. But he also showed us that, while the

dark and blind forces in human nature sometimes seem

overwhelming, psychological understanding, by

enlarging the realm of reason and responsibility, can

make a substantial difference to troubled individuals

and even to civilization as a whole. "Building on such

ideas and ideals, psychoanalysis has continued to grow

and develop as a general theory of human mental

functioning, while always maintaining a profound

respect for the uniqueness of each individual

life."(psych.nwu.edu)."Sigmund Freud interpreted the

behaviour in human beings as the outcome of a drive

that constantly seeks releases."(Frey, 04/06).

"However, upto this contexts it could be seen that

Freud's psychoanalytic theory explains the most about

the human nature"(Freud, introduction). "According to

Freud, people are often compelled to do things without

knowing the reasons for their actions; the motivation

for their actions is unconscious"(Freud, Civilization

and its discontents). Sigmund Freud has many theories

on how people develop. His most influential theory to

the development of the human mind was his five

psychosexual stages." Freud's belief was that children

were done developing after they finished going through

puberty. The stages started with infants describing

this as the oral stage, or the sucking stage. The anal

stage deals with the one and two year olds. This age

group is starting to potty train. After this stage the

three through five-year-olds go through the phallic

stage."(Freud, Civilization). "The child focuses on

the genitals, as they discover it is enjoyable.

Freud's fourth stage is the latency stage, including

children six to twelve years."(Freud, Civilization).

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