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How Did the Developments in Scientific Thought from Copernicus to Newton Create a New Conception of the Universe and Humanity's Place in It?

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The ideas of universe and humanity changed in many ways from medieval through scientific revolution. First, scientists started to question Aristotle's ideas, and they tried to use reason. Second, scientist started to not include Christian ideas in their methods. Lastly, scientist started to develop experimental method to test their theories and prove them.

Aristotle believed that earth was the closest planet to heaven, and other was crystal that orbits around the earth. Copernicus started to question his idea and he concludes that sun was in the middle of all planets. Furthermore, he believed other planets rotate around the sun. After his theory, other scientist started to clarify Copernicus' theory. For example, Kepler found out planet move in orbital pattern, and he used the ideas of Brahe.

Scientist started to think "outside of the box", and they tried to not use Christianity like Aristotle did. Copernicus Hypothesis was the first thing that started to use reasoning, which was an educated guess. After him, scientist start to make educated guesses such as Brahe, Kepler, Newton, Galileo, and etc. government did not respect the scientist's idea because they were against Christianity. For example, Galileo was imprisoned because he supported Copernicus's hypothesis and proved Aristotle's theories wrong.

The new method was among scientists, which was called experimental Method. It was used first by Galileo, and he tried to prove his theory with it as well other scientists' theories. Other scientists started to follow his method after him like Newton who found out about universal gravitation. He Believed that everybody would get attracted to each other depend on their distance among them. In general it meant humans would interact with other things or humans if they have same interests and view toward the world.

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