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Greek Mythology

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The Greeks believed that the earth was formed before any

of the gods appeared. The gods, as the Greeks knew them,

all originated with Father Heaven, and Mother Earth. Father

Heaven was known as Uranus, and Mother Earth, as Gaea.

Uranus and Gaea raised many children. Among them were

the Cyclopes, the Titans, and the Hecatoncheires, or the

Hundred- Handed Ones. Uranus let the Titans roam free,

but he imprisoned the Cyclopes and the Hundred- handed

Ones beneath the earth. Finally, Gaea could not bear

Uranus's unkindness to the Cyclopes and the

Hundred-Handed Ones any longer. Gaea joined Cronos,

one of the Titans; and together, they overcame Uranus,

killed him, and threw his body into the sea. Aphrodite,

goddess of love and beauty, later rose from the sea where

Uranus's body had been thrown. Now Cronus became king

of the universe. Cronos married his sister, Rhea, and they

had six children. At the time of Cronos's marriage to Rhea,

Gaea prophesied that one of his children would overthrow

Cronos, as he had overthrown Uranus. To protect himself,

Cronos swallowed each of his first five children -- Hestia,

Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon -- immediately


birth. After the birth of her sixth and last child, Rhea tricked

Cronos into swallowing a rock and then hid the child -- Zeus

-- on earth. Zeus grew up on earth and was brought back to



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