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Gospel of John: Foot Washing

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Christ washed his disciples' feet that he might give a proof of that great love wherewith he loved them. Christ washed his disciple's feet that he might signify to them spiritual washing, and the cleansing of the soul from the pollutions of sin. Christ washed his disciple's feet that he might give an instance of his own wonderful humility, and show how lowly and condescending he was, and let all the world know how low he could stoop in love to his own. Christ washed his disciple's feet to set before us an example.

Foot washing was commonplace in Greco-Roman and the first-century Jewish culture and appears as a ritual of daily cleansing, as a religious act, or as a token of hospitality when someone first entered a home. This was a world where the roads were dusty and sandals were worn daily. In Luke 7:36-50 Simon the Pharisee's failure to wash Jesus' feet was correctly interpreted as a gesture of hostility. In Timothy 5:10 washing the feet of the saints may be a metaphor for humble service.

"Actions speak louder than words." This expression is not always true, but it is sometimes true. And in some instances it is the only actions that speak at all. Sometimes a gesture or an object lesson gets the point across faster and better than any number of words. We know these things. So we are not surprised to learn that on His last full night with His disciples just before His crucifixion, when He wanted to teach them many things, Jesus began His teaching, not with words which might have been missed by them, but with the two significant actions. The first action was the washing of the disciples feet, recorded in John 13:2-11. The second action, which I will not talk much about, was the giving of the sop to Judas, recorded in John 13:21-30. In each case the action is followed by important teaching.

Many wonder why Jesus did these actions. The disciples were preoccupied. They disciples were terrified of the Jewish leaders; they suspected that Jesus was about to be arrested, and they were afraid that He would die and that they would die with Him. Or, even if that were not the case, it might be that He would be taken and they be left. Nothing in their present circumstances had prepared them to hear His teaching. So Jesus acted boldly in order to get their attention. We cannot miss the fact that He sometimes does that with us, particularly when we are persisting in some sin or act of stubbornness and so refuse to listen to Him.

Verse 1 of John 13 states that "...Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love." This is the cornerstone verse to Jesus' love for the disciples in these few verses. Jesus loved his disciples the whole time he was with them but the foot-washing is a symbol of his love in action for them. "His own" are the objects of His love; "unto the end" is the extent of His love. He loves us unto "the end" of our miserable failures, unto the "end" of our wanderings and backslidings, unto the "end" of our unworthiness, unto the "end" of our deep need. We should recognize that love itself is unrecognizable. From God's perspective there is nothing in us to make us remotely desirable. He is holy; we are unholy. He is just; we are unjust. He is loving; we are filled with hatred and all forms of sin. In short, we are sinful and in willfull rebellion against Him. Yet he loves us. In fact, this is so great a marvel that God even uses it to commend His love to us. "You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly. Very rarely will anyone die for a righteous man, though for a good man someone might possibly dare to die. But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us."

Jesus knew that one of his disciples had already decided to betray him. Another would deny him by the next morning. Even this night, they would desert him. In the next hours they would repeatedly display ignorance, laziness, and lack of trust. It was indeed a sorry lot that gathered in the upper room. Even with good reasons to reject the entire group, Jesus deliberately showed to them the full extent of his love. The actions, words, and feeling he shared with the disciples conveyed the highest form of love because his disciples did not deserve nor immediately appreciate this love. Jesus knows us as fully as he knew those disciples. He knows intimately of every time and every way that we have denied or deserted him. Yet knowing us, he willingly died for us. Jesus continually displays his love toward us and reaches out to us. He continues to serve us the Lord's Supper, and he guides and encourages us by His Spirit. He serves us as we serve one another.

Christ's love leads into the next reason why He washed their feet. Christ does this so that the disciples are purified from their sin. When the disciples were baptized, they were purified completely. That is like us asking Christ to become our personal Savior and asking for the forgiveness of sins for the first time; we are purified. Washing of the feet is like a rededication of the body. The conversation between Peter and Jesus in verses 6-11 are the cornerstone to this reasoning. Peter did not know what Jesus was doing at the time when He washed the rest of the disciple's feet. Peter thought that this was another baptism. Continuing to exploit the metaphoric possibilities of the event, Jesus explains that, just as a person who has had a bath needs only to wash his feet, Peter is clean. That is cleansed, not from physical dirt but from the spiritual pollution of sin, presumably on account of his close association with Jesus and his faith in Jesus; word. Very willingly would Peter have taken the basin and towel, and washed his Master's feet, and been proud of the honor. Jesus expresses the necessity, not only for the cleansing of Peter's feet to make him socially acceptable for the dinner, but also for the cleansing of his personality to make him fit for the kingdom of God. The external washing was intended to be a picture of spiritual cleansing from evil. Our Lord Jesus does many things the meaning of which even his own disciples do not for the present know, but they shall know afterwards. We must let Christ take his own way, both in ordinances and providences, and we shall find in the issue it was the best way. Peter had gone from one extreme to the other. Though we have occasion to repent daily, God's gifts and callings are without repentance. The heart may be swept and garnished, and yet remain the devil's palace; but if it be washed, it belongs to Christ, and he will not lose it.

Christ washed his disciple's feet to show his own humility and to



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