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Gender Differences in Anxiety Disorders

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For my individual paper assignment I chose to summarize three articles containing information about gender difference in anxiety disorders. I found three articles that surrounded the information that I had to explain about my research. The 3 article titles that I will explain in this assignment are gender differences in anxiety disorders, gender differences in panic disorder, and effects of gender on social phobia. The first article is explaining my main topic that I chose for this assignment. The article is about panic disorder, which is a form of an anxiety disorder. The last article is about social phobia, which is also another form of an anxiety disorder. Between these articles that I have chosen, I hope to conclude with informing my reader with about what is the real difference between male and females in anxiety disorder.

The first article that I found is explaining the gender difference in all anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are conditioned by genetic, neurobiological and social factors. Approximately a third of women population is considered to experience or to have some sort of fear which causes anxiety. Anxiety disorders are very much widespread and are manifested by unpleasant feelings, which causes anxiety. In this article it explains that large number of indicators of anxiety disorders show anxiety states to be more frequently met in women than in men. When researching about anxiety, a special attention has been paid to the differences between genders. In studying the children population, girls were noticed to present more intense anxiety signs than boys. Anxiety is also noticed to appear in women in all of their periods of life, while in men, it is more frequent in adult age. In this article it also explains that men suffer from phobia more often than woman, what is in opposition to other studies. A female offspring of the parents who suffered from anxiety far more often show various forms of fear in relation to male offspring. Although genetic factors are considered to play a dominant role, biological factors and maturation must not be ignored when examining difference between genders in the development of anxiety disorders. Another reason why is anxiety disorders is greater in women is because women are often connected with menstrual cycle and pregnancy. The end their article by explaining that anxiety disorders are more frequent in women than in men, and that the men with anxiety disorders report them to their doctor more seldom than women. The article that was shown here explains a lot of difference between gender and anxiety disorders and shows that women really do have a higher chance of getting afflicted with an anxiety disorder. Hopefully the summarization that was given helped to explain my topic more thoroughly.

For my next article that I have chose to present my information on gender difference in anxiety disorders, it was on the gender differences in panic disorder. Panic disorder is described as an anxiety disorder consisting of repeated and unexpected panic attacks. Such panic attacks are discrete events that have a sudden onset of cardiorespiratory symptoms and physiological arousal, along with fears and an urge to flee. Described in the article, it explains that data from large-scale epidemiological surveys suggest that panic disorder is more common than in men. Is shows information that is based on NCS data, that it found that panic disorder is 2.5 times more relevant among women that men. Also, explained is the gender difference appears to increase according to age. It shows percentages to each age group of men and women. In ages 15 to 24, 2.5% of women had panic disorder compared to 1.3% of same-age men, and then in men and women from ages 35 to 44, the rate of panic disorder was 2.1% of women, compared to 0.6% of same-aged men. Premenstrual hormonal fluctuations may partially explain the increased incidence of panic disorder in women. These fluctuations may also be explained for the increased frequency of respiratory-related symptoms in women with panic disorder. Everything that was explained through this article



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