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Classical Conditioning

Essay by   •  October 31, 2013  •  Essay  •  247 Words (1 Pages)  •  1,210 Views

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Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning (Pavlovian conditioning also defendant or reinforcement of Pavlov) is the form of associative learning was first demonstrated by Ivan Pavlov (1927). Typical procedure for inducing classical conditioning involves presentations of the neutral stimulus with the stimulus of some importance. Neutral stimulus could be any event that does not result in an open response from behavior of organism under investigation. Pavlov referred to this as the conditioned stimulus (CS). By contrast, presentation of significant stimulus necessarily evokes an innate response, often reflective. Pavlov called these unconditioned stimulus (U.S.) and unconditioned response (UR), respectively. If CS-US are repeatedly paired, eventually two stimuli are associated and body begins to produce the behavioral response to CS. Pavlov called this conditioned response (CR).

There are two theories of development works in classical way. Stimulus-response theory, which refers to SR theory, is the theoretical model of behavioral psychology that suggests that humans and other animals can learn to associate the new stimulus, conditioned stimulus (CS) with the pre-existing stimulus, unconditioned stimulus (U.S.), and can think, feel or respond to strategy of country like U.S. actually. Opposite theory, presented by cognitive behaviorists, is theory of stimulus-stimulus (SS theory). SS theory is the theoretical model of classical conditioning that suggests the cognitive component is necessary to understand classical conditioning theory and that SR is an inadequate model.

Experimental results suggest that SS was correct, as rats no longer froze when exposed to signal light. His theory is continuing and is applied in everyday life.

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