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Autor: reviewessays • February 4, 2011 • Research Paper • 1,531 Words (7 Pages) • 531 Views
Obstacles in Team Dynamics
Students face obstacles on a daily basis. These may include personal, financial obstacles or obstacles at work. There are many ways to deal with them, and due to human nature, they are dealt with uniquely. Working within a team environment brings its own obstacles. This paper will discuss obstacles in team dynamics and how to overcome them.
Obstacles in Team Dynamics
By the time people reach adulthood, they have gone through many obstacles in their lives. Perhaps an individual has been passed over at work, had someone close to them die, lost a job, or just lost direction. Those are some of life's many obstacles. As part of a group, there are obstacles that have to be overcome in a team environment. What are they and how does an individual get past the issues that arise in team dynamics? The prevalence of obstacles inserted into a team dynamic increases the likelihood that a team will fail in its mission.
What is Team Dynamics?
First, we will answer the question, "What is team dynamics?"
"A team is defined as a group of two or more individuals engaged in some joint action with a specific mission or goal. Team dynamics are defined as the motivating and driving forces that propel a team toward its goal or mission." (Six Sigma Team Dynamics, The Elusive Key to Project Success).
There is usually much diversity in a group. We have different ethnic backgrounds, intelligence, goals.... Humans in general are non-trusting. Building up trust in a team is not easy. No matter how hard he works, grades could still be low due to poor performance of another team member. Taking individual responsibility for everyone's grades is not an option. I have heard there is no "I" in team. We work together as a team or the results will be negative.
Team members do not naturally work well together. There can be major obstacles that hinder team effectiveness. Each individual must have well defined responsibilities and communication skills.
Not having well defined responsibilities within the group is a major hazard. If the responsibilities are not laid out properly in the early stages, one person may think that another is doing a particular task and it may never get done. This can result in finger pointing and conflicts within the team.
Communications can break down when members do not know how to be clear and concise in their wording and are not open or honest. A member may agree with the team in choosing a topic but not be honest with other team members. They may hold a grudge or think their ideas were not considered. My question is how can a team member's ideas be considered if they were never properly provided?
Poor Selection of Team Members
Poor selection of the members of a team could occur for several reasons. The abilities of the team may be so diverse that working together is virtually impossible. Another reason could be the abilities of each team member. There could possibly be personality conflicts that cause failure of the team.
A team well built is committed to each other and have common goals. Without the commitment and goal, there is no way a team will succeed. Des Dearlove (2002) wrote, "Professor Belbin discovered that certain combinations of personality-types performed more successfully than others".
Lack of Shared Responsibility
When building a team, the group must work well as a team and be able to make effective decisions (Ehlen, 1994). People who are committed to each other, have common goals, and put up a united front are part of an effective team. Building shared responsibility is important in the way the team works as a group. Encouragement from team members, allowing open communication and participation in decision-making provides the means for the team to be high performers. Being a responsible member of a team is key factor in reaching a common goal.
Not Having Clear Goals
Once members are assigned to a team, the first thing needed is clearly defined goals and a clear understanding what it means to work as a team (Amtsberg, 1997). If these objectives are not defined, members may flounder and go off in different directions. When they come back together, there is no cohesiveness. The project may take longer to complete or the team members may have to start all over. This can lead to team failure.
Working as a team takes individuals who work. Poor leadership can lead to dissention among team members. There are times when one person may try to take over and not allow other members to voice their opinions. This individual may take an "I can do it better attitude". This is not leadership. A team must work together in order to accomplish their goals. A team member may become jealous if another tries to take over and realize that he does not want to be a part of the team. One of the responsibilities of a good team leader is to keep the team together by motivating and allowing all members to contribute to the project.
There are things that a team member must not do. These include making all decisions for the team, ignoring other's input, assuming control of all aspects of the task and taking personal ownership of the project.
Inability to Resolve Conflicts
"Disagreements in any team is inevitable, and many successful