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Investigation Report on the Status Quo of Compulsory Education in Remote Mountainous Areas

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Investigation report on the status quo of compulsory education in remote mountainous areas

Investigation report on the status quo of compulsory education in Zenjiayan Town

Survey content: Current status of compulsory education in Chanjiayan Town

Survey time: May 2013 - June 2013

Purpose of the survey: Through the investigation of the current status of compulsory education in Chanjiayan Town, the development status and existing problems of compulsory education in this town are preliminarily reflected, and some ideas for solving these problems are put forward.

Investigator: Cui Yuhu (Zenjiayan Town Central Primary School Teacher)

Survey respondents: town government, town center primary school teachers, some students

Survey method: work participation, visits, interviews, collection of relevant data

[Abstract]: After years of development, the education of Chanjiayan Town has undergone great changes. Especially since the implementation of the "two basics" plan in the western region, the whole town has gathered all the strengths for the smooth adoption of the "two basics" standard acceptance. In order to attack the hardships, remarkable achievements have been made, and education investment, facilities construction, and teaching quality have all improved. With the implementation of the projects of “two exemptions and one supplement” and “nutrition meal project”, the problem of difficulty in schooling for children with difficulties in the town has been further solved, the nutritional status of rural students has been improved, the health of rural students has been improved, and the health of rural students has been accelerated. The development of rural education promotes fair education. However, there are still many problems in the compulsory education in this town that need to be resolved.

Introduction: Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council pointed out in the government work report of the Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress that education should be put in a strategic position of priority development; focus on strengthening rural compulsory education and improve the funding mechanism for government investment; The "two basics" plan for the western region. Since 2007, the books and miscellaneous fees of students from poor families in the rural compulsory education stage have been exempted, and the living expenses of boarding students have been subsidized; so that children from poor families can go to school and complete compulsory education. Beginning in the fall of 2009, Shaanxi Province vigorously implemented the “egg project” – allowing students in rural boarding schools across the province to eat an egg, drink a cup of milk or soy milk every day. In the fall of 2011, in conjunction with the rural nutrition education plan for rural compulsory education initiated by the State Council, Shaanxi further included 43 counties (districts) in the pilot scope of the nutrition improvement plan. So far, the nutritious meal project has been fully implemented in the province. The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China further put forward: "Strengthen the promotion of education equity, rational allocation of educational resources, focus on rural, remote, poverty, ethnic areas, support special education, raise the level of subsidies for students with financial difficulties in the family, and actively promote migrant workers. Children are equally educated so that every child can become a useful talent.” With such good policy support, there is hope for changing the status quo of rural compulsory education.

First, the basic situation of education in Zenjiayan Town:

There are 6 villages in the town, nearly 50 village groups, with a total population of more than 5,500. There is only one central elementary school in the town (including junior high school classes), and 1 kindergarten is attached. By the end of 2012, there were 663 children aged 6-15 years old in the town, including 304 girls; 659 students have been enrolled, including 303 girls; the enrollment rate is 99.39%, and the enrollment rate of girls is 99.67%. There are 45 under-age students and 26 over-age students. The enrollment rate is 106.42%. Population aged 15: 79, completion rate: 97.24%, population aged 17: 103, 93 graduated from junior high school, with a completion rate of 90.29%. Deaf students: 1. The number of dropouts in primary schools is 0, and the dropout rate is 0%; 2. The number of dropouts in junior high school is 4, and the dropout rate is 0.6%. The population of young adults aged 15-50 years: 4251, 351 lost learning ability, 3985 non-literate population, non-literacy rate: 72.45%.

The situation of education and teaching facilities in the town: 1. School buildings and housing conditions: Primary school students cover an area of ​​8.6 m2, middle school students cover an area of ​​17 m2, primary school students cover an area of ​​2.8 m2, and middle school students occupy 4 m2 of school buildings. 85% of teachers do not have dormitory, some teachers live. The dormitory is also a dangerous house; Teaching equipment and books: There are 54 computers in the central primary school (most of which are expired and unusable), and the school is equipped with a set of teaching instruments for primary and secondary schools; a set of experimental instruments for junior high school and physical and chemical students (for the former Bashan Middle School) After the configuration of my school, the equipment is old, not complete). At present, there are 18,972 books in primary and secondary schools, 30 per capita.

Faculty status: There are 46 faculty members and 561 students in the town. The teacher-student ratio is 12.2:1, 46 full-time teachers, the pass rate is 100%, there are 6 undergraduate diplomas, 27 specialists, 13 secondary school students, and vice high. There are 1 job title, 13 intermediate titles, 30 junior titles, and 2 no.

It can be seen from the above data that in recent years, the educational situation of Zenjiayan Town has been greatly improved: primary and secondary schools and pre-school education have shown a gratifying development trend; the dropout rate of primary and secondary school students has been effectively controlled; On the computer, the library and laboratory were established; the proportion of teacher training has increased. However, there are still many problems in seeing the results: whether some data is a reflection of the real situation; the facilities of the school are not perfect enough; the change in quantity does not mean that the quality is improved, etc. These problems are worthwhile. We think about it, we should take into account the occurrence of these phenomena in the future work, and actively take corresponding measures to solve and prevent.


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