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Pearl Harbor

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PEARL HARBOR

By

Chris Woods

English IV

2nd Period

Mrs. Mantooth

May 1st, 2001

Pearl Harbor

I. Events before the bombing

A. Reasons for Japans Expansion

1. The Japanese were severely lacking in raw materials

2. The Japanese wanted to build an empire

3. Japan thought that it must build up its armies to compete with the Western Powers

II. Preparations

A. The Japanese made up a 8 point plan

1. Surprise was crucial

2. American aircraft carriers there should be the primary targets

3. U.S. aircraft there must be destroyed to prevent aerial opposition

4. All Japanese aircraft carriers available should be used

5. All types of bombing should be used in the attack

6. A strong fighter element should be included in the attack for air cover for the fleet

7. Refueling at sea would be necessary

8. A daylight attack promised best results, especially in the sunrise hours

B. The necessary troops were trained and ships were readied

C. Peace talks came to a halt

III. The Attack

A. The attack was carrier based

B. The attack consisted of about 300 planes

C. The attack started at 7:55 a.m.

IV. Aftermaths of the attack

A. American losses

1. 19 ships were damaged or sunk

2. 2,403 people were killed

3. Germany and Italy declared war on America

V. Conclusion

A. The war was stopped by the atom-bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

B. The President was aware of Japan's plans to attack

C. The attack was allowed to bring Japan into the war

Pearl Harbor

I. Events before the bombing

A. Reasons for Japans Expansion

1. The Japanese were severely lacking in raw materials

2. The Japanese wanted to build an empire

3. Japan thought that it must build up its armies to compete with the Western Powers

II. Preparations

A. The Japanese made up a 8 point plan

1. Surprise was crucial

2. American aircraft carriers there should be the primary targets

3. U.S. aircraft there must be destroyed to prevent aerial opposition

4. All Japanese aircraft carriers available should be used

5. All types of bombing should be used in the attack

6. A strong fighter element should be included in the attack for air cover for the fleet

7. Refueling at sea would be necessary

8. A daylight attack promised best results, especially in the sunrise hours

B. The necessary troops were trained and ships were readied

C. Peace talks came to a halt

III. The Attack

A. The attack was carrier based

D. The attack consisted of about 300 planes

E. The attack started at 7:55 a.m.

IV. Aftermaths of the attack

A. American losses

1. 19 ships were damaged or sunk

2. 2,403 people were killed

3. Germany and Italy declared war on America

V. Conclusion

A. The war was stopped by the atom-bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

B. The President was aware of Japan's plans to attack

C. The attack was allowed to bring Japan into the war

EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE BOMBING

Before entering World War II, Japan had many other problems to deal with. It had begun to rely more and more for raw materials (especially oil) from outside sources because their land was so lacking in these. Despite these difficulties, Japan began to build a successful empire with a solid industrial foundation and a good army and navy. The military became highly involved in the government, and this began to get them into trouble. In the early 1930's, the Japanese Army had many small battles with the Chinese in Manchuria. The Japanese Army won a series of battles, and Manchuria became a part of the Japanese Empire. In 1937, the conflicts began again with the Chinese in the area near Beijing's Marco Polo Bridge. Whether or not these conflicts began inadvertently or whether they were planned is unknown. These led to a full-scale war known as the second Sino-Japanese War. This was one of the bloodiest wars in world history and continued

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