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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Connected with People's Employees in Their Work and in Management

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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs connected with people's employees in their work and in management

Composition 1010/53

Ms. L. Wazir

Lisa Jirkovsky

21. November 2004


1 Introduction 3

2 Motivation 4

2.1 Role of Managers in Motivating Employees 4

2.2 Employee Motivation 6

3 Abraham Maslow 8

4 Hierarchy of Needs 9

' 9

Physiological needs 10

4.1 Safety needs 11

4.1.1 sexual harassment 11

4.2 Social needs 12

4.3 Esteem needs 13

4.4 Self actualization 13

5 Example home and host country managers 14

6 Conclusion 15

7 Bibliography 16


2 Introduction

The following paper deals with the American psychologist Abraham Maslow, born in New York, who stated that every human being has 5 differently categorised needs that need to be fulfilled in order to provide healthy and happy living.

In daily work managers need to respect and follow these needs so that employees will work most efficiently and effectively. Following these needs and trying to execute them is the best instruction for managers to motivate and provide successful working conditions. This paper will introduce you to the hierarchy of needs and will illustrate, by applying examples from day to day business how this concept can be best implemented.

The author of this paper claims that managers can help their employees to be more motivated, if they look and work with Maslow's stages.

The chief reason for writing this paper is to make clear how easily solutions can be found when it comes to giving incentives at work.

First of all there will be a short overview of what motivation actually is, second Abraham Maslow will be presented in a few words and the author will go into details concerning the hierarchy of needs. There are the physiological needs, second there are the safety needs, third the love needs, forth the esteem needs and finally self-actualization.

As a conclusion, the author will point out that the thesis, due to the supportive examples, can be claimed to be true.

3 Motivation

"Motivation is the process of satisfying internal needs through actions and behaviours"

When somebody is born it doesn't mean he or she has motivation skills or the o their way round, it is something that can be improved or developed. "Motivation affects individuals differently, so managers must understand the process, theories, and fundamental components of motivation in order to motivate effectively." If somebody wants to understand motivation, furthermore it is also important to identify differences between people and be careful not to think that everybody has the same preferences."

3.1 Role of Managers in Motivating Employees

Managers have the task to get things very effective and efficient through their employees. Most of the really effective managers get all of their useful information from communicating with people. Managers must have communication skills that they are able to communicate with people so they understand them. They must give very good effort and commitment. Excellent managers must be able to support their personnel to raise their performance at their jobs, progress their knowledge, and

recognize their full potential. If a manager wants to do this efficient he must know how people do their work and how to influence and control them. This is sometimes very difficult for a manager because everybody is different and only one of its kind and has different habits, personalities, desires and comes from a different background. Everybody has a different personality and different skills and this depends on genetics, upbringing, education, friends and relatives, sex, work, religion and experience. In order to managers must be able to get a feel for an employee's behaviour and be able to feel themselves inside them that they know how they are thinking and why they are thinking this way. As a result they will be able to take into account the expectations, values, and perceptions of their own employees and other people who they are communicating with. One of the most important tasks a manager has is to provide their employees with job satisfaction. If employees are not satisfied with their job they will not be motivated and morale drops and absence and lateness increases.

"Employee morale involves thoughts, feelings, and sentiments. Factors that affect morale include the reputation or tradition of the organization, management's attitude,

job duties, co-workers, communication, and employee concerns" Managers also have to be motivated themselves that they are able to motivate other people.

They should go through the four C's of motivation: confidence, challenge, competence and commitment. A good leading person must also be able to recognize his or her strengths and weaknesses, expectations and goals.

It is also very important that managers work and communicate with people to solve problems.

3.2 Employee Motivation

"Employee performance is greatly influenced by the workers expectancy of what the job will provide their attitudes toward personal achievement and advancement,



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