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The Old Man And The Sea

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Autor:   •  November 2, 2010  •  1,128 Words (5 Pages)  •  381 Views

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Hemingway's use of symbols and the metaphors beyond the symbols is phenomenal. Metaphors are an implied analogy that has an ideal that is being expressed and it also has an image by which that idea is conveyed. Establishing the similarities between the following dissimilarities is what helps to identify the metaphors behind the symbols in Hemingway's writings. He uses things as symbols to help express the old man's deep feelings in his journey through life.

In The Old Man and the Sea the boy is brought to attention by the old man more than anything else in the story is. The old man, Santiago, thinks of the boy as the little boy that he used to take fishing and carefully watch over. Now that the boy, Manolin, has grown up, the old man still refuses to acknowledge his maturity. While the old man is on his lengthy fishing trip, looking for the greatest catch of all times, he finds himself delirious at times, wanting for the boy. On page 51, Aloud he said, "I wish I had the boy." But you haven't got the boy, he thought. You have only yourself and you had better work back to the last line now, in the dark or not in the dark, and cut it away and hook up the two reserve coils. That is one example of the symbol of the boy in this book. The boy is a symbol of youth, potency and hope to the old man in trial times. Santiago began to talk to the boy aloud at one point and he also wished several times that the boy could have been with him on his length search of the greatest catch of all.

The fish withholds a great part in this book. The Old Man and the Sea is a book that's about a small town where the residents revolve their lives around fishing. The fish is a symbol of beauty and it is a greatly admired creature to these people. An example from the book is on page 49. Santiago has been fishing for 84 days and decides not to return home without a fish on the 85th day. On the 85th day, alone in the boat, he manages to hook an enormous marlin, the biggest fish he's ever seen in all his life. The fish is larger and stronger than Santiago. Santiago's experienced fishing skills and his will to catch and survive push him to pursue the fish for many days and many miles out to sea. Santiago loves this fish. He respects it for its beauty, its size, and its power. Then he began to pity the great fish he had hooked. "He is wonderful and strange and who knows how old he is, he thought." Still Santiago must demonstrate his own power over the fish, for the sake of his pride. After an incredible and exhausting fight, the fish is his. He must now get it back to shore. After killing the fish, he ties the fish to the skiff. The marlin fish he catches is as big as the struggle he has yet to face after his catch. And so his next battle begins. Sharks appear and start to feed on the defenseless carcass of the marlin fish. Santiago tries to defend the great fish. He tries to defend its beauty, its dignity, as well as his own triumph over the fish. He tries to defend his pride, joy, and make it back to shore.

The sea is related to life in The Old Man and the Sea. Hemingway uses the metaphor of the sea to symbolize life and to depict the role that individuals play in life. Santiago talks about the sea using characterization. On page 29, he says that he always thought of the sea as la mar, which is what people call her in Spanish when they love her. Sometimes those who love her say bad things of her but they are always


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